Important Screening Tests For Women
These screening tests for women are ones they should regularly have in order to protect themselves. Screening tests are paramount because they help detect medical conditions early. Early detection of a medical condition leads to early treatment. This can save lives and prevent large medical bills.
Cervical Cancer Screening
This test involves a Pap smear and an additional swab for the papilloma virus (HPV). Women from the age of 21 to 65 are advised to take the test every 1-3 years depending on their physician’s recommendation. Both the HPV swab and the Pap smear are performed together. The tests help detect any changes in cells that indicate the need for a biopsy or more testing. If signs of cervical cancer are detected early, it is better for the patient as early treatment is critical.
This test checks a woman’s bone density. Women, who are 65 years and above, and not at risk, should take it every ten years. However, women with a family history of osteoporosis, or who’ve had any past fractures, should be screened every 2 years. The screening will help detect any decrease in bone mass, something that increases the risk of injury and inhibits mobility. This test is especially important for women as the decrease in estrogen following menopause can lead to accelerated bone loss. In addition, women also tend to have smaller bones, to begin with.
Colorectal Cancer Screening
This is also known as the colonoscopy, and it is recommended for women above the age of 50, and is performed every 1-3-5-7-10 years based on the initial colonoscopy result. If there is a family history of polyps, the test should be tested earlier and the test should be repeated more regularly. Women above 75 years old should seek medical advice from their doctors about if it’s necessary for them. It can be uncomfortable, but it is the best test for detecting colon cancer or any precancerous lesions. According to CDC, colon cancer is a very common and is the third most deadly cancer among women after breast and lung cancer.
Breast Cancer Screening
Commonly referred to as a mammogram, it is recommended for women who are between 40 -75 years of age. An increasing number of women as young as 35, however, have been diagnosed with breast cancer in recent times. Frequent mammograms are recommended if you are a woman with a family history of breast or ovarian cancer. Women who are 75 and above, should discuss screening with their doctors. Mammograms are very effective for detecting signs of breast cancer. Early detection will help stop cancer from spreading, and it could also save your life.
Where Can I Be Screened?
Dr. Motlagh can do all the above screening tests for women. She is Board Certified in Family Medicine and fully licensed. Call KMHC today and book your appointment.